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Turkey is a Eurasian country it spans the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia and Thrace in the Balkan area of southeastern Europe. Turkey shares its borders with eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. Cyprus and the Mediterranean Sea are to the south; the Aegean Sea to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north.

Dividing Anatolia and Thrace are the Sea of Marmara and the Turkish Straits. They are often referred to as the the boundary between Europe and Asia. Turkey is considred a country of great geostrategic importance. The largest proportion of the population are Ethnic Turks, followed by the Kurds. The main religion in Turkey is Islam and language is Turkish.

Featured rentals in Turkey
Holiday Villa in Kalkan for rent
Turkey +Mediterranean+ Kalkan Holiday Villa in Kalkan for rent Villa Manzara is a detached villa with its own pool with spectacular views from all sides - the Bay

Villa Manzara is a detached villa with its own pool with spectacular views from all sides - the Bay more...

The Turkish people began moving into the area now called Turkey in the eleventh century. The movement was accelerated by the Seljuk victory over the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of Manzikert. A few small emirates and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum ruled Anatolia, until the Mongol Empire's invasion. At the start of the thirteenth century, the Ottomans emirate united Anatolia and created an empire encompassing much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia and North Africa. The Ottoman Empire disappeared after its defeat in World War I. A group of young military officers, led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, began successful resistance to the Allies. The new republic of Turkey with Atatürk as its first president was founded in 1923.

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